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Category Archive for ‘financing’ at Campaign Diaries
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Archive for the 'financing' Category


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In sweeping 5-4 decision, Supreme Court strikes down restricitons on corporate spending

If Massachusetts’s special election and health-care reform’s woes had already made this week a nightmare for liberals, the Supreme Court just ensured it became pure hell. In a momentous 5-4 decision, the Court ruled that attempts to regulate corporations’ electoral spending were inconsistent with the First Amendment, striking down decades of legislation and judicial precedents and likely unleashing a torrent of corporate expenditures in the 2010 elections and beyond that could make recent elections cycles look like cheap children’s pay.

In one fell swoop, the Supreme Court overruled two recent rulings: 1990’s Austin v. Michigan Chamber of Commerce, which found that the government has an interest in leveling the playing field when it comes to corporate spending unlike when it comes to non-profits or individuals, and 2003’s 5-4 decision in which the Court upheld McCain-Feingold’s prohibition on “corporate electioneering communications.” Today’s decision allows corporations to directly advocate or oppose a candidate, spending however much they want sending out mailers or airing TV ads.

The ruling also applies to unions, but there is no question that corporations are far better equipped to take advantage of their new right to limitless spending. (Furthermore, ScotusBlog points out that the way in which the decision is written never makes it quite explicit that labor groups are also concerned by this decision, so this is an issue that might still need clarification in the future.) As such, today’s decision should be a boost to the GOP, which has always been closer to business groups. It provides an obvious path for Republicans to close the fundraising gap it’s been suffering from this cycle - and even more so in the 2012 presidential election.

Needless to say, Democrats have enough to worry about heading into November that they can’t be looking forward to the added prospect of powerful corporations opposed to health-care reform or EFCA (not that either of these pieces of legislation look anywhere close to passing) helping Republican candidates pull off a red wave.

But the ramifications of today’s decisions go beyond partisan considerations. Democrats have plenty of corporate backers themselves; this development puts them at a clear disadvantage, but they won’t be left out to try. Rather, it is the entire political system that risks finding itself even more corrupted than it is today.

Struck down down today were decades of reforms aimed at curbing coprorations’ massive influence on policy-makers and politicians, at establishing a cleaner system and at implementing some semblance of a level playing-field. Fundraising disparities already play too great a role in determining the outcome of elections, which leaves most politicians too dependent on wealthy donors and on the support of powerful industries to assert much independence. So what is to be expected now that incumbents will know that the corporations that are lobbying them could at a moment’s notice spend millions of dollars helping or attacking them - and do so with little to no hassle, with no need to channel the money through groups like the Chamber of Commerce? Politicians will grow even more dependent on corporate support.

Given how much money even medium-sized corporations drop on a single (non-political) advertising campaign, think just how much a single one could do if it were to promise a candidate to aid his election. In a few years, recent spending gaps could come to look tiny, as the full scale of economic inequalities can now “translate into vast political inequality,” in Rick Hasen’s words. This should be of particular help to incumbents, as corporations obviously have more incentives to help politicians who already hold power. This could make the prospect of mounting a successful primary even more daunting than it already is.

The main type of campaign finance legislation the Supreme Court left standing were disclosure and disclaimer requirements, but color me skeptical that the ability to trace just where the money is coming from can do much to balance huge unbalances. This is especially the case in low-profile local and state elections, which do not even get the level of coverage received by presidential or Senate elections. (Citizens United only applies to federal law, but it is likely to quickly permeate to state legislation.)

Those are quite dramatic changes for one Supreme Court decision to usher in, especially when the ruling overrules two recent precedents. As such, Citizens United marks a clear decision by the Roberts majority to leave behind the path it had chosen in other areas of the law, most notably in June’s unexpectedly minimalist ruling upholding the Voting Rights Act. But if Justices were only chipping away at existing law in such recent cases (to Thomas’s dismay), today’s ruling marks a dramatic change of strategy that signals the 5 conservative judges are increasingly willing to assert their judicial visions.

There is no question that the Court knows exactly how momentous a ruling it has issued: It had many options at its disposal to decide this case in a narrower way. (This is what the same majority had done in 2007’s FEC vs. Wisconsin Right to Life, when it had dealt a major blow to the McCain-Feingold Act but stopped short of overturning Austin or McConnell.) Yet in June the Court ordered Citizens United to be reargued in a way that specifically addresses the questions of whether these precedents should be overturned; at that moment, it became clear that the 5 conservative Justices were looking to take drastic action (”Supreme Court prepares to strike down campaign spending restrictions,” I wrote on June 30th) and were setting up an opportunity to do so.

Roberts, Alito and Kennedy’s willingness to say the exact contrary that the Court had said in 2003, the only difference being O’Connor’s absence, signals that Scalia and Thomas’s have finally convinced them that they should be willing to be more aggressive. That could signal bleak years ahead for the four liberal Justices. One thing the left can take out of today’s decision: This was the first major decision Justice Sotomayor participated in, and I believe the first 5-4 ruling she was part of. The fact that her vote is not the lead story today should at least reassure Democrats that she is not going to pull a Souter-in-reverse.

Update: This memo written by election lawyers is well worth-reading, as it makes Citizens United look far more consequential than I even suggested in this post.


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$770 million

In the week after Election Day, I analyzed a few of the factors that shaped this year’s presidential race - one of which was, of course, the financial disparity between the two parties.

As I explained then, Obama’s fundraising prowess allowed him to massively outpace his opponent’s spending, invest in seemingly hopeless red states like North Carolina, Missouri, Indiana and Montana and keep up that expanded field of play all the way until Election Day.

McCain, on the other hand, had to carefully choose where to campaign and had to pull out of many of his targeted states as he realized that once safe North Carolina or Indiana truly needed defending. To make matters worse, McCain had to rely on the RNC’s spending to remain viable, forcing the GOP to air bizarre (and in my opinion counter-productive) ads that targeted numerous Democratic Senators alongside Obama.

We have known all of this for weeks, but we got a better idea of the juggernaut Republicans were facing today, when the Obama campaign released their last fundraising forms of the 2008 cycle.

The campaign reported raising $111 million between October 16th and November 24th. (They had raised $36 million in the first two weeks of October and a jaw-dropping $150 million in September.)

This means that the campaign raised a total of $770 million in the course of the campaign. That’s nothing compared to the financial bailout  - but it is an astonishing number in an electoral campaign.

More stunning still is the fact that the Democrats’ presidential fundraising is superior to $1 billion once we account for the DNC’s coffers!

Beyond paying for Obama’s TV advertising, this money was used to recruit an army of staffers across the country and expand the campaign’s arms to areas in which Democrats had had no presence for years - areas Republicans themselves had to neglect this year. It would obviously be too reductive to attribute Obama’s victory to his financial dominance, but it certainly allowed him to build up his electoral college lead: It is improbable that Obama would have carried North Carolina and Indiana’s electoral votes with more modest means, for instance.

These numbers also suggest that the rules of campaign finance are changing and that a low fundraising potential is an even bigger obstacle to running for president than it was before. Sure, money has always been important in American elections, but the disparities have now gotten even greater, preventing all but a few politicians of thinking of themselves as viable contenders.

We already saw the manifestation of this in the 2008 cycle, as three top Democrats who seemed like sure candidates (Mark Warner, Tom Vilsack, Evan Bayh) unexpectedly announced they would stay out of the presidential race and as John Edwards (considered a top contender early in the race) found himself relegated to an afterthought because he could not keep up financially.

We will see it again during the next Republican primaries. Sarah Palin, Bobby Jindal or Mike Huckabee all have the potential of emerging as fundraising powerhouses that capitalize on their popularity with the base to build an empowering network of small donors.

If one of them can build a financial machine like Obama (and initially Clinton) did in 2008, they will emerge in such a dominant position as to automatically qualify themselves to be in the final two or three. Can Newt Gingrich, Mitt Romney (who could also spend his own money again, of course) or other potential contenders hope to match that?

All of this would only get a Republican through to the next stage, where Barack Obama would be waiting with hundreds of millions (will he be able to personally raise more than $1 billion in 2012?) ready to be spent on nothing but the general election.


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The money factor

As we entered October, I asked a series of questions that I said would go a long way towards determining the winner of the presidential election. Now that results are in, it is time to take a look back at them. We have already discussed the Palin factor and the turnout factor. Today, we will broaden one of my October questions (”will McCain have to cut funding to some battleground states in order to defend Indiana, Missouri and North Carolina?”) to a discussion of the money factor.

From the very first financial reports of the presidential campaign - back in the spring of 2007 - Barack Obama stunned political observers by posting exorbitantly high fundraising totals, erasing what was until then seen as one of Hillary Clinton’s main advantages. By the time Super Tuesday rolled around, the New York Senator was left largely penniless, forced to scale back advertising in many states and budget her way through the late primaries day-to-day.

Obama brought the same fundraising prowess to the general election, and while his decision to opt out of public financing is pinpointed as a key factor explaining his financial dominance, that only affected the final two months of the race. McCain was massively outpaced by Obama even before he became constrained by the limits of public financing, especially in red states that Republicans thought they would win easily but where Obama invested millions - Florida, Missouri, North Carolina, Montana, Indiana, Georgia.

As we got nearer to Election Day, these states became increasingly competitive, forcing the GOP to finally start paying attention. Florida in particular became a money pit for Republicans. Though they remained significantly outspent throughout the fall, they still ended up pouring in millions every week in a state that had McCain leading by double-digits in the spring. The same is true in Virginia, where the McCain campaign inexplicably invested very little until it was already too late and stayed away from the Washington DC market (which reaches Northern Virginia) for as long as it could.

In fact, McCain spent so much money in those states Obama did not need to win as to be unable to keep up adequate levels of spending elsewhere. Republicans tried to implement an offensive game throughout the summer - they did not invest in Indiana and North Carolina but they did spend millions in Michigan or Wisconsin. But that was simply no longer possible once a wave of new red states started demanding attention, leading to McCain’s truly earth-shattering decision to pull out of Michigan on October 2nd.

The Wolverine State was long considered to be the ultimate battleground of the 2008 election, the state that would test Obama’s strength among Reagan Democrats and blue-collar white voters. In retrospect, Obama’s 16% victory might make the Democrats’ fear of Michigan puzzling, but this state, like many other blue states, only anchored itself in the Obama column after the financial crisis solidified the Democrats’ party loyalty. (The Michigan exit poll shows that Obama got 93% of Democrats in the state, a number that was almost unthinkable in early September.)

As of October 2nd, McCain’s decision to withdraw all of its staff and investment from Michigan was truly shocking, and it was dictated as much by falling polling numbers as by the worrisome financial situation. And it was only the first sign of things to come as McCain ended up withdrawing from nearly all blue states by the last weeks of the campaign - including always-promising Wisconsin. The situation became so dire that the McCain campaign could no longer afford funding a full operation in Colorado, as they scaled back some of their advertising in their most desperate move of the campaign.

It is important to appreciate just how low McCain’s finances had gotten by the middle of October that his campaign scaled back spending in what was essentially a must-win state for them, the only way to offset the loss of Colorado was to get a win out of Pennsylvania - and from that point on they were locked in a quixotic (and costly) quest for the Keystone State’s 21 electoral votes.

As a possible counter to the GOP’s money woes, a lot was made throughout the summer of the discrepancy between the RNC and the DNC: Despite Obama’s financial advantage over his opponent, the Republican National Committee was collecting a lot of funds, putting the McCain plus RNC addition on the same level as the Obama plus DNC total.

I warned repeatedly that a dollar held in the RNC’s coffers did not equal a dollar held in Obama’s - and the past few months proved that to be right. While the Obama campaign controlled how to spend the entirety of the Democrats’ money - whether the message, the electoral map, the timing - the division of Republican funds only heightened the schizophrenia of the GOP’s efforts.

The RNC did indeed have millions to spend on the presidential race, but they could either do so through their independent expenditure arm (meaning that no coordination is allowed between the ad’s makers and the McCain campaign, preventing the latter from having any control over messaging, issues raised and themes emphasized) or through coordinated expenditures split equally between the two entities, but the latter option was in many ways more problematic: These coordinated ads cannot just be aimed at one candidate, so the GOP’s attack ads often wasted their time on meaninglessly broad (and often counter-productive) segments against “congressional liberals” like Byron Dorgan and Chuck Schumer.

In my opinion, this only served to make Obama look like a generic Democrat - which is exactly what voters were looking for this year - and distracted Republcans from the only task that could have destabilized Obama - paint him as a risky, unfamiliar figure. McCain’s need to rely on RNC funds forced his campaign to go down the former route more than it might have liked to.

The Obama campaign, meanwhile, was free to spend its money however it wanted - and they had a lot of it to use. That became obvious when Obama revealed that he had raised $150 million in September alone and spent more than $100 million in the first two weeks of October - a crucial period of the campaign during which Obama solidified his lead. His decision to buy a 30-minute infomercial on a number of channels (including Fox, NBC and CBS) was only the icing on the cake of what was an amazing shoping spree.

Of course, congressional Democrats enjoyed a similarly dominant financial position, as the millions the DCCC and DSCC’s started spending in the summer (months before their Republican counterparts were able to make a move) proved decisive. National money is sure to have proved decisive, for instance, in Jeff Merkley and Gordon Smith’s Senate victories in North Carolina and Oregon. At the House level, Democrats fell short of their ambitions but a number of their candidates would have had a far tougher time crossing the finish line without the DCCC’s help.

Now that Democrats are firmly in command of both chambers of Congress and of the White House, money should continue to pour in their coffers - and there is no reason to think that the DCCC and DSCC will not have yet another significant financial advantage in the 2010 midterms.


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Finances: NRCC drops out of MI-09, Obama’s fundraising not as stellar

The NRCC has pulled the plug on its third incumbent in as many days. Rep. Knollenberg of MI-09, who until a few weeks ago seemed to be slightly favored in his re-election bid, will receive no help from his national party.

The NRCC had reserved more than $600,000 to be spend over the last two weeks of the campaign. It had already canceled the portion of that money that was intended to be used this week; now, it has also canceled next’s week media buy. This comes a few weeks after Knollenberg received a first blow when McCain abruptly pulled out of Michigan, undercutting Knollenberg’s hopes of relying on McCain’s ground game to turn out his own base. By contrast, the DCCC has already spent $1,6 million on behalf of Democratic candidate Gary Peters and the Obama campaign is still organizing in the Wolverine State.

Knollenberg is a well-established incumbent who would be very difficult to beat in a neutral environment, but the Democratic wave is now threatening to submerge him. Without the NRCC’s financial backing and the McCain campaign’s ground game, Knollenberg looks to be in a very precarious position and among the clearest victims yet of the GOP’s fundraising woes.

As if the NRCC did not have enough problems dealing with the difficult stategic positions it is facing, it is now facing harsh criticism from the Family Research Council, led by Tony Perkins. (Perkins played an important role last fall, you will recall, when the Religious Right was moving to sabotage Rudy Giuliani’s candidacy. Perkins was one of the most virulent anti-Rudy militants before issuing more positive statements about the former NYC Mayor.)

Today, Perkins voiced a protest against the NRCC’s decision to pull the plug on Reps. Bachmann and Musgrave’s campaigns. (Both incumbents are strong social conservatives.) “The left is attacking both of these outstanding women because they are true conservatives,” Perkins wrote. “This is no time to cut and run from a fight.” He called upon FRC members to no longer donate to the NRCC until it changed its decision on CO-04 and MN-06.

Now, this is unlikely to be a particularly effective method of blackmail. There are 11 days until Election Day, how much money is the NRCC expecting to raise from FRC members by Election Day? But it does illustrate the pressure the DCCC and NRCC find themselves under when the time comes for tough decisions as to which incumbents or challengers to fund and which ones to cut loose. This cycle, most of that pressure is falling on the Republican committees since their budgets force them to make more choices - and then deal with the consequences. After the NRSC decided to no longer spend money on Louisiana’s Senate race earlier this week, Sen. Vitter and Karl Rove quickly intervened to protest the decision - and the NRSC is now back on air.

Of course, the NRCC’s decision to cut funds in these districts is not driven by any disdain towards social conservatives but by hard math: The NRCC has very limited funds, and it has vulnerable districts poping up left and right. CO-04 has been rated lean take-over for weeks in my ratings; why would the NRCC invest there on an incumbent that has consistently underperformed in her district? The choice to not fund Bachmann’s race is more curious.

Bachmann hurt herself with her MSNBC rant, and that was enough to make the race highly competitive - not enough to make her the underdog. Perhaps the NRCC thought that either Bachmann’s comments truly damaged her (in which case she will fall anyway) or that they will be forgotten by November 4th (in which case she is likely to survive). Bachmann’s refusal to move on and her defiant posture over the past few days might have also made the NRCC think that the incumbent would not cooperate - and that there was thus little point in helping her.

Meanwhile, news from the front of presidential fundraising brings the somewhat surprising news that, as of October 15th, Obama and the DNC had less cash on hand than McCain and the RNC. (The committees and the campaigns had to file financial disclosure forms for the first half of October by midnight today.)

The Obama campaign spent a jaw-dropping $106 million over the first two weeks of October, and raised $37,7 million over the same period - meaning that it had $66 million left in the bank as of October 15th. (Full Obama statement here, for your browsing pleasure.) The DNC had $11 million left, bringing the Democrats’ total cash on hand to $77 million. Meanwhile, the McCain campaign had $25 million let, combined with $59 million for the RNC - bringing the total to $84 million.

This does not mean, however, that Democrats no longer enjoy a financially dominant position. First, it is possible that Obama had already bought ad time for the weeks after October 15th by that date, though the statement seems to be suggesting that this might not be a big factor: (1) The statement says that Obama has spent $80 million on media buys from October 1st to October 15th, however, which is not that far off from what Obama is known to be spending for two weeks of ads (we know he spent $32 million worth of ads airing in the first week of September). (2) Furthermore, Obama’s statement indicates that most of this money was spent by October 10th, suggesting that the buys were meant to cover the upcoming week - not the period until Election Day.

Second, a dollar held by the Obama campaign does not equate a dollar held by the RNC; as we have seen over and over again over the past few months, McCain has not been able to control his message effectively because of his need to pay for most of his ads with the RNC’s money or because the RNC’s independent expenditure division comes up with its own themes. Furthermore, while most of the RNC’s war chest will go to the presidential race, not all of it will.

Third, the Obama campaign is continuing to raise money as we speak while the McCain campaign is not - and any new money that will be injected into the GOP will go to the RNC, reducing any possibility of message unification even more.

Finally, and this is very important, the two parties were at near parity because of Obama’s astonishing spending spree, not because of a disappointing fundraising total by Obama ($37,7 in two weeks is a higher fundraising pace than Obama enjoyed in any month other than September.) His early October spending has a great deal to do with Obama surge to a dominant position. By swamping McCain in a large number of battleground states, Obama drastically transformed the electoral map over those two weeks: He put the blue states entirely out of play, confirmed Missouri and Indiana’s toss up status and edged slightly ahead in a number of red states.

Even if the GOP can avoid being financially demolished as badly as it has been over the next 11 days (and given that they have been crushed in the week since October 15th, that looks unlikely), the harm has already been done: Republicans now stuck playing on red turf - so red, in fact, that they can’t even keep up spending in purple Colorado.


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With Powell endorsement and fundraising report, Obama has already won Sunday

Just as the narrative of a McCain comeback was starting to emerge, Democrats woke up to two amazing pieces of news this morning that should quiet down talk of an Obama weakening - at least temporarily.

The first, of course, is Colin Powell’s endorsement of Obama. Rumors had been circulating for months now, but it was never clear whether Powell would actually take the jump, nor how strongly he would explain his decision. But on Meet the Press this morning, Powell did much more than announce he would vote for the Democratic nominee; he also offered a detailed rationale for his endorsement. He heralded Obama as an “exceptional” and “transformational figure” with “steadiness” and “intellectual vigor.” Powell also praised his willingness to talk to leaders of “rogue” nations - one of the main points of contention between the two presidential nominees.

Powell also hit Republicans on all sorts of issues, from McCain’s inability to deal with the financial crisis (”every day there was a different approach”) and from the poor judgment McCain exhibited in choosing Sara Palin to the GOP’s campaign tactics (“over the last seven weeks, the approach of the Republican Party has become narrower and narrower”). Powell also spent a long time praising the contributions Muslims have made to the United States, and he accused Republicans of drifting rightward - citing Sarah Palin as an example.

Powell’s performance was essentially a variation of the “I haven’t left my party, it has left me” routine - but that is exactly what gives it the potential to make a difference in the election. Very few endorsements actually matter - even those that are celebrated as game-changers (Ted Kennedy’s endorsement in the run-up to Super Tuesday didn’t prevent Obama from getting trounced in California and Massachusetts, Al Gore’s endorsement of Howard Dean was certainly not the deal-clincher). But whatever you think of Powell (and there are certainly plenty of reasons to not hold him in high regard), his stature, association with the Republican Party and experience in military matters make this endorsement very much worth clinching.

Powell might directly not gain Obama any votes, but he helps neutralize some of McCain’s most powerful attacks. Powell’s endorsement comes at a time Republicans are drumming up their suggestions that Obama is connected to terrorists or that his economic policies are un-American. For voters who have been having doubts about Obama’s allegiance to the United States or who have been wondering about Bill Ayers, Powell’s stamp of approval could be taken as a trustworthy stamp of approval, a sign they should put those concerns aside and not worry about Obama’s alleged terrorism.

At the very least, Powell’s endorsement helps Obama run out the clock. With 16 days to go before the Election and a large deficit for McCain to climb back, he can ill-afford to waste a day but what else will evening news, cable shows and tomorrow’s papers talk about?

(Drudge and Rush Limbaugh are clearly trying to make the case that the endorsement is about race, perhaps playing on the fear some white voters have publicly voiced that an Obama Administration would favor African-Americans at the detriment of whites. It could be interesting to see whether Powell’s cross-party endorsement feeds that paranoia, but Powell is popular enough among white voters - and certainly among Republican-leaning voters - that this should not be a concern.)

Democrats’ second strong news of the morning is the Obama campaign’s September fundraising numbers: A jaw-dropping $150 million were raised in one month, shattering Obama’s previous record of $65 million in August and any other record held by any candidate in the history of presidential campaigns. This once again confirms the Obama campaign’s discipline, as they once again managed to break all expectations and quash any talk of faltering momentum.

To the Obama campaign’s total should be added a good month by the DNC, which raised $50 million in September alone and has half of that amount left as of the end of September. (McCain is limited to $84 million over the months of September and October, and the money the RNC is spending on his behalf comes with limitations.)

This fundraising news is of course in a very different category than Powell’s endorsement. No voter will be convinced to vote for Obama because he raised $150 million. But the impact could certainly be far more important. There is now no doubt whatsoever that Democrats will massively outspend Republicans over the last 16 days - just as they have swamped McCain over the past 6 weeks. That has allowed Obama to drown some of McCain’s message, and do so mostly undercover. The recent CBS/NYT poll that showed that more voters think their taxes will go up under McCain that under Obama is an example of a surprising shift in public opinion that is largely due to Obama’s ads.

In fact, Obama’s war-chest is so gigantic the campaign will probably have trouble figuring out what to do with it, which is why Democrats are talking of investing in states like Kentucky or why the Obama campaign is coming up with uncommon advertising methods like the 30-minute slots of primetime TV he has bought on October 29th.

At the very least, Obama’s fundraising allows him to compete in as many red states as he wants, a situation Al Gore and John Kerry certainly wish they had been in (Gore had to pull out of Ohio, Kerry of Missouri and West Virginia). By contrast, the GOP is having trouble defending all the red states that have emerged as heated battleground states - let alone invest much in blue states. So expect Obama to keep increasing the volume of his advertising in Missouri, Indiana, West Virginia and North Carolina over the next 16 days; McCain will simply not be able to keep up.


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July fundraising: Obama on route to financial dominance but McCain improves haul

Republicans and Democrats released their fundraising numbers for the month of July, and their numbers are in line with what they had unveiled a month ago: After a string of rough months, the DNC continues its recovery and the Obama campaign significantly outraised McCain’s - paving the way for a massive financial dominance in September and October. Yet, the gap between the two parties isn’t (yet) as big as Democrats were hoping for earlier this year.

In July alone, the DNC raised $27.7 million - for the first time outraising the RNC, which took in $26 million. The GOP’s national committee remains far ahead of the Democrats’ in cash on hand, however, $75 million versus $28.5 million.

As for the campaigns, McCain had his best month in July, raising $27 million (up from $21 million in June). Obama’s campaign did raise much more - $51 million - but this represented their third best month, after February and June. That put the cash on hand as of July 31th at $65.8 for Obama and $28.5 million.

Put together, that puts the party + candidate total at near parity - just as it was last month - meaning that Democrats spent about $20 millions more in July than Republicans did. Democrats have $94.3 million of cash on hand compared to $96 million for the GOP.

What do these numbers mean for the coming months? For one, remember that McCain needs to spend whatever cash on hand he has by September 4th, the date at which he will accepts his party’s nomination. After that he will be limited to the $84 million of public financing. Assuming that Obama spends in August as much as he did in July and continues to raise at least $50 million per month until Election Day, that will give him about $160 million to spent in that same two-month period - nearly twice as much as John McCain.

In fact, Obama’s advantage is likely to be even larger: If he is raising more than $50 million in the summer months of dull campaigning, he is nearly assured of raising much more in September and October, when he will tap into donors who have already given the maximum of $2,300 for the pre-convention season and when small donors will come to the campaign more impulsively - just as they did in February.

This financial disparity represents a great potential here - and it is a complete reversal from the 2004 campaign where Kerry had to built an advantage by the summer since he was going to be outspent in the fall (since his convention was 5-6 weeks earlier). If Obama even finds a way to spend that much money in the space of two months, it should be more than enough to swamp McCain’s turnout effort, the reach of his campaign, number of campaign offices and TV ads. This has led to speculation that the reason Obama is not hitting McCain as hard as he could right now is that he is waiting for the fall, where McCain’s campaign will be forced to take budgetary constraints into account before deciding whether to respond.

It should also guarantee Obama will not have to choose to give up on certain states a few weeks from election day - as Al Gore had done in 2000 (giving up on Ohio) or Kerry in 2004 (giving up on Missouri, for instance). Obama might stop contesting places like Georgia - but it will have plenty of money to fund a large-scale campaign in much more states than Gore and Kerry could afford to in the past two cycles.

Of course, the RNC’s significant edge over the DNC will be a huge lifeline for McCain. It appears that the RNC is no longer expanding that gap - but the nearly $50 million at which the disparity stands now is already significant. Yet, as I explained last month, we should not treat the cash on hands in the hands of the campaigns with that in the hands of the party committees. Not only will the RNC and DNC not spend all their money on the presidential race (the RNC will probably have to come to the rescue of the RNCC) but relying on the RNC to attack Obama or help built a turnout infrastructure will cost McCain the control of his message as well as an overall view of the ground effort. We have seen over the past month that the McCain campaign was much better than expected in terms of driving a message home (Obama’s celebrity status…) and that’s a big part of the reason McCain looks to have improved its poll numbers over the past few weeks.


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June fundraising: DNC recovers, Obama raises $52 million

Republicans announced their June fundraising numbers a week ago: McCain raised $22 million (his best month yet) and the RNC cashed in $27 million. That Democrats did not release their own numbers until today prompted speculation that the Democrats were disappointed with their own results. The Wall Street Journal reported last week that Obama had “only” raised $30 million during the month of June. But this morning, the Obama campaign and the DNC came out with very strong numbers for the month of June: $52 million and $22 million respectively.

When Obama opted out of the public financing system, some believed he could bring in even more money; after all, the candidate did cash in $55 million in February. But there is no question that this $52 million is a very strong effort: it more than doubles his May fundraising and it dwarfs McCain’s otherwise solid $22 million.

But it is the DNC’s number that is particularly impressive: In May, I explained that the disparity between the two national party committees was truly worrisome for Democrats. The DNC had only raised $4 million and had the same amount in cash on hand compared to the RNC’s $53 million! Now, the DNC’s cash on hand is up to $20 million, compared to $67 million for the RNC. The margin is comparable, but at least the DNC can play a role.

That the DNC seriously picked up its fundraising effort in June is not surprising. The primary campaign monopolized donors through the first half of 2008, and the Clinton and Obama fundraising juggernaut left the DNC no breathing room. Once Obama wrapped up the Democratic nomination on June 3rd, donors turned their attention to other causes again, and it is possible that a number of Clinton backers chose to contribute to the DNC rather than the Obama campaign. Another explanation is that the May discrepancy was so massive that high-profile Democratic donors woke up to the reality that Obama’s financial advantage would be worthless if the DNC cannot get off the ground.

A month ago, this led to the GOP holding a significant advantage in the cash on hand department. As of the end of June, the disparity is reduced: Democrats have a cash on hand total of $92 million (including a stunning $72 million for the Obama campaign) and Republicans have a cash on hand total of $95 million ($67 million in the RNC’s hands, $27 million in McCain’s). As the DNC’s haul now looks to be roughly on par with the RNC’s, Democrats will surely gain an advantage in the next month or two if the Obama campaign continues at the same pace.

What does this mean for the months ahead? While $50 million of the $52 million Obama raised are primary funds, TPM reports (and I did not know this) that because Obama has opted out of public financing he is allowed to roll over whatever primary funds he has left by his convention to be used in the fall. And don’t forget that all donors who have contributed the maximum amount of $2,300 for Obama’s primary campaign can donate the same amount to the general election campaign. Since Obama only raised $2 million in general election funds in June, it appears that they have not yet tapped into this resource.

If Obama continues to fundraise at the same rhythm, he could still cash in $200 million to supplement the $72 million he has left. That is a very significant amount and points to two final thoughts that are sometimes overlooked in analyses of Obama and McCain’s financial situation:

Obama’s fall dominance: We are used to a candidate’s financial dominance expressing itself over the summer. This is what happend in 1996, when Bill Clinton swamped Bob Dole, and in 2000 and 2004, when Al Gore and John Kerry had no money in August to respond to Bush and to the Swift Boat veterans. But this year, the calculations are different: it is only in the fall that the Obama financial machine could really come to dominate. Obama spent $23 million in June. Make that even $35 million for July and August and he could have as much as $200 million to spend in the final stretch, in September and October. On the other hand, the McCain campaign will be limited to $84 million of public funds in those two months, however much money he has to spend over the summer.

McCain’s lack of control: It is not entirely appropriate to add up the cash on hand of the campaigns and of the parties as if they were equivalent. For one, not all of the money the RNC and DNC possess will be used in the presidential election. Most of it will, certainly, since the national parties become an extension of the presidential candidate’s apparatus, but adding up totals might not be appropriate. Second, national parties and campaigns cannot coordinate their efforts: the ads funded by the RNC and DNC are independent expenditures, for instance. That Obama has $40 million cash on hand more than McCain is not alleviated by the RNC’s dominance over the DNC and it gives him a huge advantage. Simply put, Obama’s campaign will have much more control over its message, its ads and what states it should invest in.


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May fundraising: Obama and McCain raise similar amount while RNC crushes DNC, but Democrats shouldn’t worry

Fundraising has received renewed attention ever since Barack Obama announced he would opt out of the public financing system last week. Over the past few days, two news items have attracted attention: (1) Obama and McCain raising roughly the same amount of money in May and (2) the RNC’s continued financial dominance over the DNC.

The first item has understandably led to more headlines, with some using it to question Obama’s decision to renounce public financing. But Democrats should not be worried about that bit of news. In fact, it is the second story that could prove more problematic — though it confirms that the Illinois Senator’s decision to free himself from spending limits was strategically necessary.

First, then, came the two campaign’s financial disclosures for during the month of May. McCain announced he had raised $21.5 million, his best fundraising month yet and leaving him with a respectable $31 million in the bank to use until his early-September convention. Obama, meanwhile, raised $23.3 million, a strong sum as well but one that pales in comparison to the Democrat’s totals for March ($40 million) and April ($32 million). More surprisingly, this means that Obama has as much cash left in the bank as of the end of May to use in the primary season, $33 million (Obama has also already raised about $10 million to use in the general election, between September and November).

Why has Obama’s fundraising declined, and does this mean that his decision to opt out of public fundraising was a bad one? McCain devoted a lot of the month of May to fundraising. He certainly needed it and his respectable cash-on-hand totals are his reward, as he will surely have enough money to stay on air through the next few months. On the other hand, the Obama campaign was in surreal situation: They had effectively clinched the nomination on May 6th by winning big in North Carolina but Hillary Clinton was staying in the race, making it impossible for Obama to switch to the general election (and ask for contributions accordingly) without making unity efforts more difficult. This means that Obama held off on major fundraising efforts designed in the perspective of facing McCain, and donation pitches framed as part of the primary campaign surely had a reduced effect since the race against Clinton no longer seemed competitive at the time.

In June, the Obama campaign has been in full fundraising mode this month. Not only did the days following June 3rd surely boost his totals but the campaign launched a fundraising drive after its public financing decision to emphasize its determination to shatter records. After all, the campaign is aware that it has to make the choice to opt out of the system a worthy one. Also don’t forget that Obama will now start to tap into the vast network of Clinton fundraisers, and while some of them might be too bitter to donate to his campaign Hillary herself has encouraged her top donors to contribute to her former rival and is arranging a meeting between the Illinois Senators and her best fundraisers. That should lead to some very tangible benefits.

And all in all, the fact remains that McCain will be limited to $84 million between September and November — a total Obama is sure to surpass even if he remains at such “low” totals as $23 million. And it goes without saying that the mere fact that $23 million is considering a disappointing result is a reflection of how much Obama has raised the bar.

Much more worrisome to Democrats is the financial disclosures of the national parties for the month of May. The RNC raised more than $24 million while the DNC raised less than $4 million. The disparity in cash-in-hand is huge: $53.5 million to $4 million. Most of this money will be used in the presidential race (though the RNC might be forced to somewhat help the RNCC), creating a big disadvantage for the Obama campaign to overcome. There are a number of reasons to this (the RNC is historically a very strong fundraising machine, while the DNC is hurt by the fact that Democrats are enthusiastic by Obama and donating their money directly to him), but the result is clear: Combined with McCain’s totals, Republicans will have enough money to operate a decent campaign over the next 5 months.

In fact, the difference between the RNC and DNC should make the Obama campaign much more confident that its decision was strategically necessary. If the Illinois Senator had opted in public financing, both he and McCain would have been limited to $84 million from September to November. But the fact that the RNC would have had millions more to spend would have put the Democrat in a huge financial hole, without even considering what effect 527s might have. With Obama opting out, however, he will have a lot more than McCain to spend during those few months and, given that some are predicting a $300 million budget, he looks almost certain to crush the McCain + RNC total as well.

(The non-presidential story in those fundraising numbers is of course the continued disparity between the NRCC and the DCCC. While the Republican branch managed to stay fairly close in May receipts, $6 million to $5 million, it remains at a stunning financial disadvantage: The DCCC has $47 million of cash-in-hand and the NRCC only has $6 million. This will have a huge impact in the fall given how much many House challengers depend on the national committees. The Senate’s picture is less severe, with the DSCC having $17 million more.)

Update: Ben Smith reports that the Obama campaign is worried about the RNC/DNC disparity and has released this chart to pressure Clinton supporters into donating to the DNC:


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Obama opts out of public financing, strengthening his ability to carry national campaign

In a video message released this morning, Barack Obama announced he is opting out of public financing. This makes him the first candidate ever to rely on private donations to finance his general election campaign, and it will give him a giant advantage over John McCain. While the Republican will be limited to spending $85 million between the convention and Election Day, Obama will be able to spend as much money as he raises — and some estimate that could be as high as $300 million.

The McCain campaign has long been pressuring Obama to respect what they call as his pledge to take public financing if McCain does. Obama had taken no such pledge but had said that he would “aggressively pursue an agreement”. To justify his decision today, Obama argued that the RNC’s fundraising advantage over the DNC coupled with the possibility that independent groups air attack ads in the next few months would have put him at a disadvantage had he accepted to limit his general election spending. Democrats also argue that the huge size of their small-donor list means that they have found an “alternative” public financing system.

(I for one find that this second point unconvincing because what is appealing about the campaign finance is that it maintains some equity between different candidates’ spending and prevents the highest spender to simply buy his way into office. I agree that the sytem is so messed up that it makes little sense to blame Obama, that it makes no sense for the McCain campaign to say they “believe in public financing” when they did not take it for the primary, and that it would have been politically suiscidal for Obama to reject it. But in a hopefully not-too-distant future we can hope for a better European-style campaign finance system that also puts stringent limits on RNC/DNC/outside-group spending and in which candidates do opt in. TPM reports that some reform activists have a similar take on the “alternative system” argument. And Senator Russ Feingold also criticized Obama, saying that the general election system was not broken.)

The McCain campaign believes they have an opportunity to hurt Obama with this issue. They are now insisting that Obama broke his words and are blasting him as just another “typical politician who will do and say whatever is most expedient for Barack Obama.” McCain insisted today that this is a “big, big deal.” The goal is clear: Hurt Obama’s posing as a “change” candidate and the reform image that the Democrat has tried to embody. The problem for McCain’s campaign is that… this is a deeply hypocritical reaction. Given the financing problems the Republican candidate has himself, it’s difficult for me to understand how he is hoping to claim the reform mantle on this one.

Not only did McCain reverse his position on whether to take public financing in the primary (the period that ends at the conventions at the end of the summer), but he opted out after using the promise of matching funds to secure loans in the fall of 2007. There is a possibility that doing so should have locked McCain in the public financing system and the head of the FEC said as much a few months ago. (more background on this controversy here). Taking advantage of the FEC’s lacking a quorum to take action against him and rule on whether he was forced to respect the limits that come with public financing, McCain broke those spending limits. The DNC has filed lawsuits against this but they have little chance of getting anywhere until the Senate resolves its stalemate over FEC nominees. Given this reversal whose very legality is under question, does McCain have any legitimacy to accuse Obama of breaking his word and abandoning the reform mantle?

Even if McCain was clean on the issue and could unproblematically present himself as the reform candidate here, another problem remains: such issues very rarely have any resonance with the electorate, and while the GOP might try to put this in relation with whatever other talking points it has to demonstrate that Obama is just a “typical politician,” it’s unlikely to do much for them. After all, none of the Clinton campaign’s accusations of Obama engaging in negative attacks despite preaching “new politics” hurt the Illinois Senator — and campaign finance is not something that arouses voter passion.

Ultimately, Obama’s prodigious fundraising ability terrifies Republicans, who are worried about being swamped under the Senator’s machine. Opting out of public finance allows Obama to outspend McCain in key swing states, but it is in more marginally competitive races that the difference could be the most significant. Indeed, both campaigns need to spend a large portion of their resources in states like Florida, Ohio and Wisconsin. Once all of that is accounted for, how much more of his $84 million will McCain retain to invest in New Jersey, Connecticut and California and to defend states like Alaska and Georgia? Obama, on the other hand, will have millions to run ads and send staffers to states that are not high-priority. That will allow him to develop an alternative electoral map in states like Nevada, Colorado and Virginia while also contesting Ohio and Florida and testing GOP vulnerabilities in third-tier statses.


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The money factor: How big will Obama’s advantage be?

The conventional wisdom of the general election campaign has long been that Barack Obama would massively outraise John McCain and bury him under advertisements seeking to define him. This financial advantage could also be used for Obama to expand the electoral map and test McCain’s vulnerability in states like Texas, Montana and Georgia that are not expected to fall to the Democratic side, potentially forcing McCain to defend his turf with resources he could have spent elsewhere.

Indeed, Obama’s prodigious fundraising ability terrifies Republicans, who are worried about being swamped under the Senator’s machine. If the more than 1.5 million donors who have contributed to Obama’s primary campaign give just $100 to his general election effort, that already represents more than $150 million — and you can be sure that many will donate much more. Some are already mentioning the possibility of Obama raising more than $300 million just for the general election, a stunning sum to be able to spend in just over two months. With McCain assured of choosing public financing, he will only have $85 million to spend in the same time period, a significant difference that would make it hard for him to survive the Democratic onslaught in key swing states.

But as the general election is kicking into high gear, it is unclear just how significant Obama’s advantage will be. In fact, there are a number of question marks about both campaigns’ fundraising, plans and abilities. (Keep in mind that this discussion concerns only the general election campaign, i.e. the two-month period between the conventions and the general election. Up until the end of August, the campaigns will use primary funds and Obama has a clear advantage there although McCain has been picking up the fundraising pace.)

McCain and the FEC: The Republican’s fundraising has been at times too anemic and the GOP base is too disgruntled for him to take the risk of forgoing public financing — and keep in mind that no candidate has done so until now, underscoring the extent of the gamble. But here there is the first question mark: Will McCain be able to receive these funds? The FEC needs to approve his request and for now that committee still does not have a quorum to take any such decision. The Senate stalemate over new appointments that was at the origin of this situation got partly resolved mid-May, but there still have been no new votes on appointments.

Another question is whether the FEC might attempt to punish the McCain campaign for not using public funds in the primary despite using the promise of these funds to secure grants from banks at the end of 2007 (more details about this controversy here). The FEC was not able to rule on this matter because it lacked a quorum and McCain used the opportunity to spend money over the limits that are allowed for candidates who accept public financing.

The RNC: The money that McCain should be able to raise but is not is flooding to the RNC. Keeping up with tradition, the national Republican party is massively outraising its Democratic counterpart. The RNC finished the month of May with more than $40 million in the bank compared to more than $4 million for the DNC. Since most of the RNC’s funds help the Republican nominee in a presidential year, this is giving the Republicans hope that they will remain roughly on par with the Obama campaign. Their calculation is that the current cash-in-hand of the respective campaigns added to that of the DNC and RNC has the two parties at the same level.

Of course, there are a few problems with this analysis. For one, the reason Obama does not have that significant a cash-in-hand advantage over McCain is that he has been spending massively to distance Clinton (spending that will come in handy in the fall since a lot of it consists of ads in states like PA, OR and even MT, which the campaign seems interested in contesting). As we saw in our analysis of Obama’s general election potential, we are not talking about a $35 million deficit (which would not be that dramatic compared to historical precedents) but one that would surpass $100 million — potentially even $200 million. There is very little the RNC could do to keep the McCain campaign afloat under this scenario.

Obama and public financing:
The final question mark might be the biggest one of all: Is Obama really still considering taking public financing? The McCain campaign has long been pressuring the Democrat to respect what they call as his pledge to take public financing if McCain does. Obama had taken no such pledge but had said that he would “aggressively pursue an agreement” though the GOP believed it could make him look bad. Ever since it became obvious how big a financial advantage Obama would have, public financing seems to have been taken off the table.

Yet, news broke this week-end that Obama left the door open to accepting public funds and thus spending only $85 million from the end of August to Election Day. Obama said he will accept public financing if a deal can be struck in which the RNC would curb its spending. “I won’t disarm unilaterally,” he added. As we saw above, the RNC’s massive financial advantage over the DNC would mean that Republicans would have much more money to spend if both campaigns limited themselves to $85 million. But given that Obama is looking into a massive financial advantage if he opts out of public financing, entering a binding agreement to not spend more than his opponent would constitute a wasted opportunity, however much he convinces the RNC of curbing its spending.



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    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55
  • All good things must come to an end

  • Strict Standards: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55

    Strict Standards: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55
  • What remains on the table

  • Strict Standards: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55

    Strict Standards: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55
  • Confusion in Connecticut (Updated)

  • Strict Standards: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55

    Strict Standards: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55
  • Results thread, part 2: Dems suffer staggering losses in House and legislatives races, limit damage in statewide races

  • Strict Standards: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55

    Strict Standards: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55
  • Election Night results thread: Rep. Boucher’s fall first surprise of the night

  • Strict Standards: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55

    Strict Standards: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55
  • Election night cheat sheet

  • Strict Standards: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55

    Strict Standards: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55
  • Final ratings: Democrats brace for historic losses

  • Strict Standards: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55

    Strict Standards: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

    Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55
  • What to watch for down-ballot

Strict Standards: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55

Strict Standards: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /homepages/33/d214989360/htdocs/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

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